In the past two or three years, the market for monocrystalline silicon has exploded rapidly, and its market share has risen rapidly, and it has a tendency to “double the world” with polysilicon, which has an absolute advantage. In the field of photovoltaics, polycrystalline and single crystals representing two different product routes are topics that never lack heat. However, a recent announcement by GCL-Poly Energy may open a new situation in this debate. On April 10, GCL-Poly Energy announced that its subsidiary, Poly GCL Suzhou, has entered into a non-legally binding investment agreement with the Qujing Municipal Government and the Qujing Economic and Technological Development Zone Management Committee. The two parties will establish a joint venture as a strategic partner. The company aims to install monocrystalline silicon production to develop, manufacture and sell whole-single single crystals with a design capacity of 20GW and a total investment of 9 billion yuan. It is reported that the domestic monocrystalline faucet Longji Co., Ltd. has a capacity of 15 GW of monocrystalline silicon wafers in 2017. The production capacity of GCL-Poly Energy’s project in Qujing City has exceeded the value of the world’s first production capacity, which means The field of single crystal routes will usher in another giant. In fact, as the world's leading producer of polysilicon and silicon wafers, since 2015, GCL-Poly has frequently launched “big moves” in the field of single crystals, including the Ningxia single crystal project, and the comprehensive share of Zhonghuan in the single crystal field. Strategic cooperation and the acquisition of SunEdison, a US-based single crystal company. In the past two or three years, the market for monocrystalline silicon has exploded rapidly, and its market share has risen rapidly, and it has a tendency to “double the world” with polysilicon, which has an absolute advantage. For GCL-Poly Energy, which wants to sit firmly in the top spot in the field of photovoltaic materials, it is reasonable to expand the monocrystalline layout in response to market trends. It is expected that once the 20 GW capacity is released, it will also trigger a new round of market competition in the single crystal field. From a broader perspective, in the context of the staged and structural overcapacity in the domestic PV industry, many leading companies including GCL-Poly Energy have announced the commissioning of large-capacity projects. Let the market worry about whether the future of "photovoltaic winter" will be reproduced in 2013. In this regard, the industry pointed out that the GCL-Poly Energy Qujing project plans to use CCZ continuous straight-drawing single crystal technology to produce products. The deeper significance of this project is the mass production of monocrystalline silicon technology with superior quality, cost and efficiency. This may lead to technological changes in photovoltaic materials and broaden the space for the price reduction of monocrystalline silicon, which will help to accelerate the acceleration of photovoltaic power generation “free price online”. And a market person admitted to the reporter, "As long as the technology can stand up, you don't have to worry about overcapacity." Monocrystalline and polycrystalline dispute announcements, according to the plan, Qujing production implementation project will install two phases, each lasting as 10GW, as to when put into operation, when the output of other issues, Die Zeit reporter contacted GCL-Poly personnel The answer is: the announcement will prevail and no more details can be disclosed. According to the information, GCL Group is a leading domestic new energy company, ranking second in the world's top 500 new energy companies in 2016, ranking first among domestic new energy companies, with operations in power, photovoltaic, oil and gas, finance, and science and technology. Such as the industrial cluster, the total assets of nearly 200 billion yuan, the company's existing GCL-Poly Energy, GCL New Energy, GCL integration and many other listed companies. As the most important listing platform of GCL, GCL-Poly Energy is also the first company in China to break through the production capacity and output of polysilicon with an annual output of more than 10,000 tons. The company's 2017 annual report shows that it produced about 75,000 tons of polysilicon and 24 GW of silicon wafers during the statistical period, and continues to rank first in the world. As of December 31, 2017, the company's revenue reached 23.79 billion yuan, gross profit was about 8.2 billion yuan, and profit attributable to shareholders was 1.97 billion yuan. GCL-Poly has undoubtedly an absolute advantage in the field of polycrystalline, but since 2015, in order to speed up the price of PV parity, the domestic “front runner” plan has been implemented. The plan adopts incentive policies to encourage technology research and development, promotion and promotion of photovoltaic products, enterprises or units with the highest energy efficiency in the same comparable range. In practice, most of the “leaders” projects have chosen photoelectric conversion efficiency. With higher single-crystal components, the monocrystalline silicon market is experiencing an explosion of demand due to policy tilt and falling costs of technological innovation. It is understood that in the past two years, the development momentum of monocrystalline silicon is rapid, the production capacity is in short supply, and the price of silicon wafers continues to remain high. According to the real-time quotation of the non-ferrous metals association silicon branch, the same specifications of monocrystalline silicon wafers and high efficiency Polycrystalline silicon sheet, its spread once expanded to 2 yuan / piece. At the same time, the market share of monocrystalline silicon has also climbed from the 18% low in 2015. According to PVInfoLink statistics, the market share of single crystals accelerated in 2017, the domestic market share increased to 36%, and the global market accounted for 27%. It is expected to further increase in 2018. Under the outbreak of the monocrystalline silicon market, GCL-Poly Energy has already begun the strategic deployment of “single polycrystalline parallel”. It is understood that in 2010, GCL-Poly Energy launched a single crystal pull rod project in Henan. In 2015, it launched another 1GW single crystal project in Ningxia. Since then, a series of single crystal projects have been launched. Among them, the most concerned about the industry is that in August 2017, GCL-Poly Energy and the monocrystalline giant Zhonghuan reached a preliminary cooperation intention, intending to produce polycrystalline silicon material for single crystal, production of single crystal silicon rod, processing of monocrystalline silicon wafer, Comprehensive cooperation in the development of photovoltaic power plants. According to the agreement at the time, GCL-Poly will invest in the Central Photovoltaic Phase IV single-crystal silicon rod project and will hold part of the equity of the project company. Prior to this, in April 2017, GCL-Poly also won a technical weight in the single crystal field to shake the monocrystalline industry. It is understood that at that time, GCL-Poly has announced that the company has completed the acquisition of the third-generation CCz continuous straight-drawing single crystal, FBR silane fluidized bed technology and assets of the US single crystal old company SunEdison, becoming the only one in the world. CCZ and FBR technology companies. However, in the choice of single polycrystalline route, Zhu Xinshan, chairman of GCL Group and chairman of GCL-Poly Board of Directors, said in March this year that polycrystalline still dominates the market due to the price/performance advantage, and the overseas market polycrystal accounts for 90%. Due to policy factors such as “leaders”, polycrystalline accounted for 70%, and GCL-Poly polycrystalline products can fully meet the new round of market demand, but single polycrystalline has its own market demand, the company still insists on the market to dominate product. The above market analysts pointed out to reporters that it is expected that the market share of single crystal products will reach 40% next year. It is estimated that the products of GCL-Poly are mainly mainly polycrystalline products. At that time, the proportion of single polycrystalline products will basically be compared with the market. The requirements are consistent. Technological change and overcapacity In the photovoltaic industry, which aims to achieve “flat price online” and high performance, “technical innovation” has become more important in this field, the importance of its “first productivity”. It is the product's different focus on the above two ultimate goals, but the representative companies on the two major routes, who can take a step closer in technology, can ultimately transform into a strong competitiveness of the company's development. The report of Gloenhui pointed out that the cooperation project between GCL-Poly and Qujing directly pulled the single-crystal production capacity to 20GW, which showed that the company made a major breakthrough in the mass production of CCZ technology. According to the previous public information of GCL-Poly, CCz continuous straight-drawing single crystal is the next-generation high-efficiency single crystal technology compared with the current mainstream RCz multiple crystal pulling technology. With the continuous optimization and improvement of CCz technology, the production efficiency will continue to increase by more than 5% every year in the next two years. Under the premise of continuous improvement of RCz technology, there is still a cost advantage of about 10%. Based on multiple factors such as efficiency, quality and cost, CCz continuous Czochralski single crystal technology will gradually replace the existing RCz technology. From the above introduction, GCL-Poly's 20GW whole-single single crystal to be put into production enjoys technical advantages in terms of cost, efficiency and quality, but it cannot be ignored that the single-chip leading Longji shares were announced to expand in 2018. Under the market conditions, the single crystal field will still face the market test of capacity digestion. It is reported that in January 2018, Longji's "Development Plan for Monocrystalline Wafer Business 2018-2020" showed that, at the end of 2017, based on the silicon wafer production capacity of 15GW, the production capacity of monocrystalline silicon wafers will reach 28GW by the end of 2018, 2020. At the end of the year reached 45GW. In this regard, the above market analysts told reporters that in fact, the PV industry has had overcapacity for so many years. In some respects, this can promote the benign development of the industry and promote technological innovation. This is a good phenomenon. He said, "As long as you are technically able to stand up, you don't have to worry about overcapacity." It is worth noting that since the beginning of last year, the news of the expansion of major photovoltaic materials companies has been gradually spread, and concentrated in 2018. According to the data, GCL-Poly announced that it will build a polycrystalline production base with a total capacity of 60,000 tons in Xinjiang. It will complete the first two phases of 40,000 tons in 2018; Tongwei shares said that its planned Baotou 50,000 tons and Leshan 50,000 tons of high-purity polysilicon project will also be completed in the first phase of production in 2018, with a total capacity of 50,000 tons; New Hope Group Co., Ltd. also announced that its first phase of 10,000 tons of polysilicon project will be put into production of 30,000 tons. Implemented in 2018. Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has also introduced policies to “cool down” the photovoltaic industry. On March 1st, the “Regulations for Photovoltaic Manufacturing Industry (2018)” issued by the official website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology required strict control of new photovoltaic manufacturing projects that simply expanded production capacity, and guided photovoltaic enterprises to strengthen technological innovation, improve product quality and reduce production costs. . Newly built and renovated polysilicon manufacturing projects, the minimum capital ratio is 30%, and other new and renovated photovoltaic manufacturing projects, the minimum capital ratio is 20%.

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